In post-independence Ireland, the country house was not regarded as an integral part of the national heritage. There was conspicuous public and political apathy towards these symbols of British oppression. From the 1920s to the 1970s, hundreds of former landlords’ residences were sold on, demolished or simply abandoned to ruin. Despite this evident neglect, the relationship between the state post-independence and the country house has not been examined in detail to date. Analysing previously unused government records, this book illustrates the complex nature of the attitudes of politicians such as Charles J. Haughey and senior civil servants to the country house.